08. Many thousands gathered to celebrate the starting of work on the subway. Maps of Chicagos early ethnic composition show that immigrants and their descendants lived in clusters. From the Original Master Tapes In the early years of the twentieth century, Chicago was the fastest-growing city in the U.S. They were not all taken at the same time, however. Black families in Chicago lost between $3 billion and $4 billion in wealth because of predatory housing contracts during the 1950s and 1960s, according to a new report released Thursday. But CHA maintenance began to fall off quickly, and by the 1980s the War on Drugs and mass incarceration created crises of crime and concentrated poverty in the densely populated towers of the Robert Taylor Homes, adjacent Stateway Gardens, and Cabrini-Green. 06. https://thetrolleydodger.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/10/pic556.jpg The Chicago and South Side Rapid Transit Railroad Company was the first to successfully obtain right-of-way and permission to build an elevated passenger railway in Chicago. Chicago Youth Organize Townhall for Mayoral Candidates, Op-Ed: Chuy Garca Isnt Running as a Progressive This Mayoral Bid, Chicago Rapper 8MatikLogan Gives Himself A Second Chance, IRS Approves Federal Nonprofit Status for South Side Weekly NFP, Mayoral Debate was a Poor Night for Chicago, Proudly powered by Newspack by Automattic. Black residents did not enjoy the same geographic freedom. Google view shows the approximate location from which #536 was taken. Railroad Record Club Traction Rarities 1951-58 Wayne Miller Three Teenagers in a Kitchenette Apartment, from the "Chicago's South Side" Series c.1946 Wayne Miller, Magnum Photography Great 1918-2013 Ave atque Vale. By the 1960s, Black residents had moved into "grade B" (blue) communities in the South Side, such as Roseland and Beverly. 1950. Clock (in Explore 9/20/09). The stores from left to right are: S S Kresge, on the southwest corner; The Ace department store on the northwest corner; and Sears Roebuck, the huge building on the northeast corner (with a Hillmans grocery in the basement). (Wien-Criss Archive). Appearing to rise above the L platform is the corner tower of the Sears Building, looking carefully on the enlarged view, the SEARS name can be seen. Amazing! It appears that the street has already been made a one-way, which did not happen until November 16, 1953. (Wien-Criss Archive), CTA 7243 is on Western at the Chicago River on June 10, 1956. 03. This series was produced for WTTWS FIRSTHAND: SEGREGATION, an award-winning FIRSTHAND multiplatform, multi-year initiative focusing on the firsthand perspectives of people facing critical issues in Chicago. Yelp Says If You Want To Open A Business, Do It In These 5 Neighborhoods, When It Comes To Nuts, Squirrels Are Crazy, But Not Like A Fox, At UC, Katy Perry Jokes With Mom About Song 'You Pray For Me About': WATCH, Elena Delle Donne's Fiance Proposed On Chicago Dog Beach (And Pup Helped), Decapitated Doll Heads Seen Around West Town Spark Curiosity, Concern, Look Inside This Award-Winning School Converted to Luxury Apartments, TGIF: 13 Stories To Remind You How Awesome Chicago Is This Weekend, Thanks, La Nina: This Winter Expected To Be Snowier Than Usual, New Short Film 'BlacKorea' Set In Englewood, Solo Cup Is Psyched The New 'Star Wars' Movie Is Called 'Solo', Jake Arrieta's Most Incredible Delivery Came From His Nose Last Night. Chicago Burnside Bums Gang - South Side Chicago White Street Gang Joe Barry 685 subscribers Subscribe 38 Share 13K views 11 years ago The farthest South White street gang in Chicago - the. Roy lived in the Roseland area since his birth in 1963, at 103rd Street & Wentworth Avenue. All rights reserved.. Espaol: Gua de recursos COVID-19 en el sur de Chicago, The Geography of Fear: Policing a Segregated Chicago. 4 Board of Trustees/Directors minutes May 1952-Oct 1956 draft copy. So we're diving into that jet-setting, Mad Men time when Michigan Avenue became the "Mag Mile.". The original Little Joes Pizzeria on 63rd Street & Richmond, The original 1960's era White Castle restaurant at South Archer and Kedzie Avenues, in Chicago's Brighton Park neighborhood. 80 years since subway construction started (December 17, 1938) The University of Illinois at Chicago's digital photo collections . You can compare the different CTA paint schemes on the first two cars. Railroad Record Club Traction Rarities 1951-58 These demarcations were shaped by racist sentiments toward Black residents and non-whites and manifested through urban planning, housing policies, discriminatory banking, and other practicesall effectively confining people from different demographic groups to certain parts of the city. 02. A few years later, the CHA placed a light-skinned Black woman named Betty Howard in the previously all-white Trumbull Park Homes. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Western Ave. cars had used the carbarn at 69th and Ashland until it closed. Keep up the excellent effort. The Near North Sides Cabrini-Green complex at one time had 3,606 apartments. 05. From the beginning, Chicagos demographic makeup was segregated by race and ethnicity along neighborhood boundaries and the physical features of the built and natural environment. 1. Mexican residents of the area around Jane Addamss Hull House settlement housetodays University Villagehad a similar fate as the Puerto Ricans. I wish they could just appreciate from afar without taking and still destroying everything in their way. Take a trip underground and see how Chicagos I Will spirit overcame challenges and persevered to help with the successful building of the subways that move millions. From north to south, they were Hull House, the Stockyards, Blue Island, South Chicago, East Chicago, and as far as Gary, Indiana. In the 1980 census African Americans made up about 50% of the Chicago South side' population while Mexicans made up 40% as a result of white flight. From the Original Master Tapes (Wien-Criss Archive), CTA 7123 on Western at 66th on July 9, 1950. 60 years since the West Side Subway opened (June 22, 1958) I remember as a kid in late 1961 seeing the Humboldt Pk tracks from my seat on the Logan Sq El. Chance The Rapper Will Host 'Saturday Night Live' Next Month, How To Look Like Svengoolie: Sven Shows You How To Do The Makeup (VIDEO). Martee Kelso Lost Stores in Chicago Chicago Loop Evanston Illinois Chicago Christmas Sears Tower KROCH'S & BRENTANO'S Chicago Street Clark Street Chicago Art Street Art Old Town Art Fair Colors 09. Second, they were all shared with our readers by Jeffrey L. Wien of the Wien-Criss Archive. Greektown, the south side's Chinatown, South Asians on Devon Street, Pilsen's Mexican Americans, and the Polish Triangle are just a handful of the vibrant communities in Chicago - famously. Later, this hotbed of activity attracted rural migrant workers from places such as Mexico, Puerto Rico, and the southern United Statesfrom which racist discrimination and violence drove more than 500,000 Black Americans to Chicago. Subways Since 1960 This picture was taken from the eastbound platform of the Englewood L station spanning Halsted St. At that time, Halsted was still a very busy business district; in fact, I read somewhere that Englewood was the busiest business district outside the Loop. Andre Kristopans says it is Crossing under CNW and PRR at Rockwell. IND Subway (New York City): 2023 2022 South Side Weekly. 4:51 Properties covered include: Chicago, Illinois, December 17, 1938 Secretary Harold Ickes, left, and Mayor Edward J. Kelly turn the first spadeful of earth to start the new $40,000,000 subway project. (Wien-Criss Archive), CTA 7189 is passing through an area where tracks are being worked on at Western and Cermak on October 15, 1954. Recent publications have variously mentioned that either 107th St. or 109th st. was the south end of the Halsted lines private right-of-way segment in this area. 4. The comments about the photo at Division and Crosby are confirmed by the street sign at left showing that street to be Burling Street. Disc Two Through the citys use of eminent domain, much of that neighborhood, which included Black, Italian, Greek, and Jewish residents, was razed in the 1960s for the construction of the Dan Ryan Expressway and the development of the University of Illinois Chicago Circle Campus. In 1991 the Chicago White Sox began to play in a new Comiskey Park across the street from the old stadium. (Wien-Criss Archive), CTA 4402 on Western at 21st on June 17, 1954. The streetcar in the photo is headed northbound, with the Rock Island Main Line to its right and Vincennes Ave to its left. (Wien-Criss Archive), CTA 4373 is on Western near the Douglas Park L on October 5, 1953. Chicago, though arguably racially diverse overall, is considered by researchers to be the nation's most racially segregated city. Chicago Photos . After returning from World War II, American service members brought back memories and souvenirs from the South Pacific. (Wien-Criss Archive), CTA 7012 at Western and Congress, crossing over the new expressway, on June 11, 1956. I always knew about racism growing up in the 70s, recall seeing the hippies in Old town. Another treasure trove of photos thanks to the Wien-Criss Archive. The South Side is one of the three major sections of the city of Chicago, Illinois, U.S. Geographically, it is the largest of the three sections of the city, with the other two being the North Side and the West Side.It radiates and lies south of the city's downtown area, the Chicago Loop.. Much of the South Side came from the city's annexation of townships such as Hyde Park. You can see the shadow of the now-gone Ogden Avenue viaduct at the bottom of the photo. ca. 1950s The Neighbourhood Siding Universe T Tom Dudones My Chicago - I grew up on the South Side in the 1950s & sixties. Railroad Record Club North Shore Line Rarities 1955-1963 Capital Transit: Here we see the curved track from 63rd place along with the nicely highlighted companion overhead wire. Death of an Interurban South Side Weekly partnered with WTTW and the Invisible Institute to co-publish text and visual reporting and analysis covering the impact racial divisions have on individuals, the city, and our region. In the background, you can see the large Chicago Bridge and Iron Works, which fronted on the north side of 107th St. The interactive map shows that by the 1950s, Black residents had started to trickle into "grade C" or "yellow-lined" European immigrant neighborhoods on the West and Southeast sides. The New York Times - August 2, 1964. Recorded between 1955 and 1963 on the Skokie Valley Route and Mundelein branch. By 1928, there were at least six Mexican settlements parallel to Lake Michigan that were referred to as colonias. Riverdale. The big building on other side is the old Madison carbarn. CTA PCC 4144 is southbound on Halsted. The shots of Chicago will surprise you. Copyright 2009-2018, DNAinfo. Technology advances enter the classroom and Chicago schools now have projectors, microscopes and early computer kits. The Watch for Reopening sign in the window, visible just above the newsstand in the Humboldt Park L photo, makes me think this was taken in early 1954. ), Now Available On Compact Disc (Wien-Criss Archive), CTA 6142 at Clark and Archer on November 9, 1953, running Route 42 Halsted Downtown. If youre ever in the neighborhood, the TV house is located at 2119 South Homan Ave, Chicago, IL, 60623. https://thetrolleydodger.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/10/pic566.jpg Railroad Record Club North Shore Line Rarities 1955-1963 Order your copy today! Altoona & Logan Valley/Johnstown Traction: (Wien-Criss Archive), CTA 4393 is on Western at 21st on July 6, 1950. The growing Black population eventually formed settlements farther south and up north in isolated and undeveloped areas along the Kinzie rail lines, Roosevelt, and the North Branch of the Chicago River. The date is June 16, 1954. Chicago Loop. The cars have 1953 license plates. (Wien-Criss Archive), CTA PCC 7271 is northbound on Clark at Roosevelt. Beautiful Vintage Postcards of Chicago's Restaurants from the 1950s and 1960s. Note the circa 1953 Cadillac at left. #535 looks north on Halsted from the L station, this was the main crossroads of the Englewood shopping district. 4:04 Despite the Citys first settler, Jean-Baptiste Point DuSable, being of Haitian descent, Chicagos infamous segregation is still intact, and it joins a list of large cities with similar rates of racial polarization, such as Cleveland, Newark, Philadelphia, and Houston. Pullman post-war PCCs did not disappear in one fell swoop. IIRC, Jalens Snack Shop, the new occupant, was up and running by the Summer of 54 and for many years after that. Greg Nye. Wandering the streets of the 'Black Belt.' 1941. The sign indicates that this bridge is going to be converted to one man operation, meaning that it will be operated from only one tower instead of two. (Wien-Criss Archive), CTA 7039 is at Western and 71st on August 12, 1955. This move included the expansion of popular music styles, bringing jazz to Chicago and the rest of the country. (Wien-Criss Archive), CTA 153 is northbound at Halsted and Congress on October 5, 1953. Re: pic508, car 4008 on Wabash Avenue. Building Chicagos subways was national news and a matter of considerable civic pridemaking it a Second City no more! Toledo & Eastern: From speakeasies in the '20s to rooftop bars today, Chicago's seen a lot of wild nights. (Wien-Criss Archive), A CTA prewar PCC is on Western at Congress on June 11, 1956. The lack of such a track indicates that any Western car ending its run and heading to the 77th and Vincennes barn had to start at the 79th and Western terminal, go north on Western, then turn east on 69th. Under the Plan for Transformation, the City began to knock down the projects one by one like dominos. But folks are also going back to the South, citing a lack of well-paying jobs and resources, as well as steady gun violence and a rising cost of living, as their main reasons for leaving the city. Southside of Chicago Capital of Black America By Carla Punla Suffered its first postindustrial crisis as the meatpacking industries began to close Robert Taylor Homes was known to be the largest housing project. I have produced some comments about your most recent photo group (Chicago in the 1950s). Despite the simplicity of Chicagos famous grid system, designed for flat land and seemingly equitable on a map, residents of Chicago have never been equally dispersed or had the same freedom of movement and belonging. 17:25 (Car 187, Brighton Car House, December 13, 1951 regular service abandoned April 29, 1951) In my book Chicago Trolleys (page 107) there is a picture of track work being done at this location on July 17, 1954. Streetcars were on rails, so they could maintain such clearances. Look at the bottom of the photo. South Side Weekly partnered with WTTW and the Invisible Institute to co-publish text and visual reporting and analysis covering the impact racial divisions have on individuals, the city, and our region. One comment, the photo of CTA 687 is at Division and Crosby, not Larrabee. The PCC is going to go northbound on Route 22 Clark-Wentworth. This is part three of a series of articles about the South Side Chicago mob. The Last Street Railway The CTA Pink Line runs there now, although there arent any stations on this segment. 2008- University of Michigan launch a study Moving Towards Opportunity. This bar is well-known by DePaul University students who frequent here on the weekends, and god knows also the weeknights. (Wien-Criss Archive), CTA 4050 is southbound on Western at the Douglas Park L on November 11, 1955. As we have said before, If you buy here, we will be here.. Another fantastic series of photos. And we thank you for sharing this helpful bit of history! (Wien-Criss Archive), CTA 7160, viewed from the Douglas Park L (todays Pink Line), is operating on Western at 21st on June 15, 1955. One day I got off at Damen and walked under the tracks to see where they went. Immigrants typically lived in inadequate housing near railroads and industryin bunk houses, boxcars, and section houses. Interesting to look at photos 591 & 565 which show the same area on Western. We look forward to hearing from you. 5:20 #80, October 1954 A cropped version of this photo ran in one of our earlier posts, but this was scanned from the original negative. Effectively acting as sundown towns, suburbs such as Cicero utilized police and mob violence to draw a line in the concrete. Looks like between 1950 & 55 Burke Desoto/Plymouth became Burke Ford. There are different types of segregation beyond the Black-white binary that normally, and rightfully, comes to mind. There are miscellanous directories available for later yearsbusiness directories and . (Wien-Criss Archive), CTA 453 and 190 are on Halsted at 63rd Place on May 21, 1954. The segment actually ran not quite two and a half miles from 89th St. to the 10800 block of Vincennes (where 108th St. would have been had it gone through). The suburban bus company had two routes into Englewood one north along Western, then east on 63rd (this was the Harvey bus), the other north along Halsted St. from the south (this was the Chicago Heights bus). Known as "Bronzeville," the neighborhood was surprisingly small, but at its peak more than 300,000 lived in the narrow, seven-mile strip. But this must be a reroute, since it is definitely after 1949 (the car has advertising on the side) and its running Route 36 Broadway-State. The only way to get there (still with usable tracks and live trolley wires) was along 69th St. to Wentworth (200 W.), south to 73rd St. at Vincennes, then southwest on Vincennes to the barn at 77th. On June 25, 1965, Vito and Nick's moved to 84th and Pulaski, at 8433 South Pulaski, in the Ashburn neighborhood of Chicago, where it remains today. If the station was open, there would be a sign advertising this, similar to ones seen in some of the other pictures in this post. (Wien-Criss Archive), CTA 7193 has three followers at Western and 69th on October 13, 1953. (Wien-Criss Archive), CTA 7240 is at 69th and Morgan on October 25, 1954. To the left, is an embankment where Illinois Central commuter trains (now Metra Electric) ran. 08. 10:36 (recorded May 3-7, 1958 line abandoned July 1958) (Wien-Criss Archive), CTA prewar PCC 4008 is southbound on Wabash at about 900 South. Since 1950, there have been 271 tornadoes recorded across . This view is looking south along Western at 71st St. #536 is a companion picture from the street to #534. Two things in this picture: 5:09 Passenger interurban #9 1957: Civil Rights Act of 1957 is responsible for enforcing the civil rights laws passed. (Wien-Criss Archive), CTA PCC 4208 is southbound on State Street at 64th, just a few blocks south of where car 7078 was involved in a horrific crash with a truck on May 25, 1950.