He died suddenly and Isabel became president and soon the country's economy fell apart. To the west, the towering Andes mountains create a natural 5,142km high border with Chile, and the eastern border of the country is the Atlantic Ocean. He also shares personal stories and insights from his own journey as a scientist and researcher. refugees (country of origin): 170,517 (Venezuela) (economic and political crisis; includes Venezuelans who have claimed asylum, are recognized as refugees, or have received alternative legal stay) (2021), counterfeiting, drug trafficking, and other smuggling offenses along the northern border; some money laundering organizations in the Tri-Border Area may have links to the terrorist organization Hizballah; a large producer of chemical precursors, total population growth rate v. urban population growth rate, 2000-2030, Children under the age of 5 years underweight, School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education), International law organization participation, Gini Index coefficient - distribution of family income, Household income or consumption by percentage share, Civil aircraft registration country code prefix, Military and security service personnel strengths, Military equipment inventories and acquisitions, Refugees and internally displaced persons, Center for the Study of Intelligence (CSI). Argentina's physical features are Andes Mountain, Pampas, Patagonia, Parana River, Uruguay River, And part of Gran Chaco. , Does Wittenberg have a strong Pre-Health professions program? In 1934, a law was passed creating the National Parks system, formalizing the protected area as the Nahuel Huapi National Park and creating the Iguaz National Park. Its largest and second largest international borders are the: ArgentinaChile border, which is 5,308km (3,298mi) long and ArgentinaParaguay border which is 1,699km (1,056mi) long.[4][5][6]. Argentina is world famous for football (soccer) and polo, but the game that since 1953 has been enshrined in law as the countrys official national sport is somewhat less well-known. His wife, Eva (known as Evita), formed a foundation and gave out money and benefits to the poor. She became a symbol of hope to all the poor people of Argentina, and her death in 1952 was considered a great tragedy. Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha, Bolivia 832 km, Brazil 1,261 km, Chile 5,308 km, Paraguay 1,880 km, Uruguay 580 km, Rich plains of the Pampas in the northern half, flat to rolling plateau of Patagonia in the south, the rugged Andes along the western border, Cerro Aconcagua 6,960 m (located in the northwestern corner of the province of Mendoza; highest point in South America), Laguna del Carbon -105 m (located between Puerto San Julian and Comandante Luis Piedra Buena in the province of Santa Cruz), Fertile plains of the pampas, lead, zinc, tin, copper, iron ore, manganese, petroleum, uranium, UTC-3 (2 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time). Argentina is home to both the highest and lowest points of the Southern Hemisphere. )note: based on private sector estimates, 21.206 million (2021 est. )permanent crops: 0.4% (2018 est. All rights reserved. Natural regions. ), definition: age 15 and over can read and writetotal population: 99%male: 98.9%female: 99.1% (2018), total: 18 yearsmale: 17 yearsfemale: 20 years (2020), total: 29.9%male: 25%female: 37.1% (2021 est. ), total: 9,571,562 (2020 est. Kick-off a new school term on the Caribbean Island of St Lucia. The cookies is used to store the user consent for the cookies in the category "Necessary". Bolivia is to the northwest and Paraguay is to the north. Much of the native population died from diseases brought in by Europeans. The country is divided into four regions: The Andes, the North, the Pampas, and Patagonia. )imports: 7.802 billion kWh (2020 est. In 1816, the United Provinces of the Rio Plata declared their independence from Spain. The president picks the judges and the senate must approve their appointments. These events led to the loosening of Spain's grip on Argentina. description: bicameral National Congress or Congreso Nacional consists of:Senate or Senado (72 seats; members directly elected on a provincial basis with 2 seats awarded to the party with the most votes and 1 seat to the party with the second highest number of votes; members serve 6-year terms with one-third of the membership renewed every 2 years)Chamber of Deputies or Cmara de Diputados (257 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by party-list proportional representation vote using the D'Hondt method; members serve 4-year terms with one-half of the membership renewed every 2 years)elections: Senate - last held on 14 November 2021 (next to be held 29 October 2023)Chamber of Deputies - last held on 14 November 2021 (next to be held 29 October 2023)election results: Senate - percent of vote by bloc or party - NA; seats by bloc or party - FdT 35, JxC 33, other 4; composition (as of February 2022) men 41, women 31, percent of women 43.1%, Chamber of Deputies - percent of vote by bloc or party - NA; seats by bloc or party - FdT 118, JxC 116, FIT-U 4, other: 19; composition (as of February 2022) - men 142, women 115, percent of women 44.7%; note - total National Congress percent of women 44.4%, highest court(s): Supreme Court or Corte Suprema (consists of the court president, vice president, 2 judges, 1 vacancy)judge selection and term of office: judges nominated by the president and approved by the Senate; ministers can serve until mandatory retirement at age 75; extensions beyond 75 require renomination by the president and approval by the Senatesubordinate courts: federal level appellate, district, and territorial courts; provincial level supreme, appellate, and first instance courts, Avanza Libertad or AL [Jose Luis ESPERT]Civic Coalition ARI or CC-ARI [Elisa CARRIO, Maximiliano FERRARO]Federal Consensus or CF [Roberto LAVAGNA, Juan Manuel URTUBEY]Frente Civico por Santiago (Civic Front for Santiago) [Gerardo ZAMORA]Frente de Izquierda (Workers' Left Front) or FIT-U [Nicolas DEL CANO, Miriam BREGMAN] (coalition of leftist parties in lower house; includes PTS, PO, and MST) Frente de la Concordia Misionero (Front for the Renewal of Social Concord) or FRCS [Carlos Eduardo ROVIRA]Frente de Todos (Everyone's Front) or FdT [Alberto FERNANDEZ] (includes FR, La Campora, and PJ); note - ruling coalition since 2019; includes several national and provincial Peronist political partiesFrente Renovador (Renewal Front) or FR [Sergio MASSA, Pablo MIROLO]Generacion por un Encuentro Nacional (Generation for a National Encounter) or GEN [Margarita STOLBIZER]Hacemos por Cordoba (We do for Cordoba) or HC [Juan SCHIARETTI]Juntos por el Cambio (Together for Change) or JxC [Horacio Rodrguez LARRETA] (includes CC-ARI, PRO, and UCR); note - primary opposition coalition since 2019Juntos Somos Rio Negro (Together We Are Rio Negro) or JSRN [Alberto WERETILNECK] Justicialist Party or PJ [Alberto Angel FERNANDEZ]La Campora [Maximo KIRCHNER]La Libertad Avanza or LLA [Javier MILEI]Movimiento Popular Neuquino (Neuquen People's Movement) or MPN [Omar GUTIERREZ]Partido Socialista or PS [Monica Haydee FEIN]Propuesta Republicana or PRO [Mauricio MACRI]Radical Civic Union or UCR [Gerardo MORALES]Socialist Workers' Party or PTS [Nicolas DEL CANO]Unidad Federal (coalition of provencial parties in the lower house; includes FRCS and JSRN)Workers' Party or PO [Gabriel SOLANO]Workers' Socialist Movement or MST [Alejandro BODART]Vamos con Vos (Let's Go with You) or VcV [Florencio RANDAZZO], AfDB (nonregional member), Australia Group, BCIE, BIS, CAN (associate), CD, CELAC, FAO, FATF, G-15, G-20, G-24, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), LAES, LAIA, Mercosur, MIGA, MINURSO, MINUSTAH, NAM (observer), NSG, OAS, OPANAL, OPCW, Paris Club (associate), PCA, PROSUR, SICA (observer), UN, UNASUR, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFICYP, UNHCR, UNHRC, UNIDO, Union Latina (observer), UNTSO, UNWTO, UPU, Wassenaar Arrangement, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC, chief of mission: Ambassador Jorge Martin Arturo ARGUELLO (since 6 February 2020)chancery: 1600 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20009telephone: [1] (202) 238-6400FAX: [1] (202) 332-3171email address and website: eeeuu@mrecic.gov.arhttps://eeeuu.cancilleria.gob.ar/enconsulate(s) general: Atlanta, Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New York, Washington, DC, chief of mission: Ambassador Marc Robert STANLEY (since 24 January 2022)embassy: Avenida Colombia 4300, (C1425GMN) Buenos Airesmailing address: 3130 Buenos Aires Place, Washington DC 20521-3130telephone: [54] (11) 5777-4533FAX: [54] (11) 5777-4240email address and website: buenosaires-acs@state.govhttps://ar.usembassy.gov/, three equal horizontal bands of sky blue (top), white, and sky blue; centered in the white band is a radiant yellow sun with a human face (delineated in brown) known as the Sun of May; the colors represent the clear skies and snow of the Andes; the sun symbol commemorates the appearance of the sun through cloudy skies on 25 May 1810 during the first mass demonstration in favor of independence; the sun features are those of Inti, the Inca god of the sun, Sun of May (a sun-with-face symbol); national colors: sky blue, white, name: "Himno Nacional Argentino" (Argentine National Anthem)lyrics/music: Vicente LOPEZ y PLANES/Jose Blas PARERAnote: adopted 1813; Vicente LOPEZ was inspired to write the anthem after watching a play about the 1810 May Revolution against Spain, total World Heritage Sites: 11 (6 cultural, 5 natural)selected World Heritage Site locales: Los Glaciares National Park (n); Jesuit Missions of the Guaranis (c); Iguaz National Park (n); Cueva de las Manos (c); Valds Pennsula (n); Ischigualasto/Talampaya National Parks (n); Jesuit Block and Estancias of Crdoba (c); Quebrada de Humahuaca (c); Qhapaq an/Andean Road System (c), large diversified economy; financial risks from debt obligations, rapid inflation, and reduced investor appetites; resource-rich, export-led growth model; increasing trade relations with China; G20 and OAS leader; tendency to nationalize businesses and under-report inflation, $986.134 billion (2021 est. The highest mountain in the Andes range is the Cerro Aconcagua, which peaks at 22,384 feet (6,960 meters). ), maize, soybeans, wheat, sugar cane, milk, barley, sunflower seed, beef, grapes, potatoes, food processing, motor vehicles, consumer durables, textiles, chemicals and petrochemicals, printing, metallurgy, steel, 15.26% (2021 est. Argentina is the second largest area of land in South America, separated from Chile to the west by the long spine of the Andes. Argentina has the best steak in the world! Major rivers are the Parana, Paraguay and Uruguay rivers. The southern regions have warm summers and cold winters with heavy snowfall, especially in mountainous zones. Depending on where the water streams drain, rivers and creeks could be classified into three different kinds of watersheds: On the other hand, lakes and lagoons are permanent accumulations of water over impervious depressions. NA, improved: urban: 100% of populationrural: NAtotal: NAunimproved: rural: NAtotal: (2020 est.) Football is the favourite sport in Argentina, and the country has produced some of the worlds most famous players, such as Lionel Messi and Diego Maradona. ), Argentine pesos (ARS) per US dollar -94.991 (2021 est. Argentina's population continues to grow but at a slower rate because of its steadily declining birth rate. Argentina underwent a brief period of economic reform and international reintegration under Mauricio MACRI (2015-19), but a recession in 2018-19 and frustration with MACRIs economic policies ushered in a new Peronist government in 2019 led by President Alberto FERNANDEZ and Vice President FERNANDEZ DE KIRCHNER. )municipal solid waste recycled annually: 1,074,633 tons (2010 est. Argentina physical features. Mar Chiquita, Crdoba, is the largest salt water lake in the country. Three years later, Juan Peron was forced out of office after he tried to increase his powers. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. The first, titled Arturo Xuncax, is set in an Indian village in Guatemala. Argentina is the home of the Igazu Falls. The country's population and culture were heavily shaped by immigrants from throughout Europe, with Italy and Spain providing the largest percentage of newcomers from 1860 to 1930. Wittenberg is a nationally ranked liberal arts institution with a particular strength in the sciences. Functional cookies help to perform certain functionalities like sharing the content of the website on social media platforms, collect feedbacks, and other third-party features. ), urban population: 92.5% of total population (2023)rate of urbanization: 0.97% annual rate of change (2020-25 est. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Natural Landmarks in Argentina. The years 2003-15 saw Peronist rule by Nestor KIRCHNER (2003-07) and his spouse Cristina FERNANDEZ DE KIRCHNER (2007-15), who oversaw several years of strong economic growth (2003-11) followed by a gradual deterioration in the governments fiscal situation and eventual economic stagnation and isolation. Join us on an exciting adventure to East Asia! These cookies allow us to target other information on our website, like advertising, towards your interests. Argentina is super-rich in animal species. )crude oil and lease condensate imports: 11,400 bbl/day (2018 est. It floods seasonally. ), general assessment: Argentinas ongoing problem with hyperinflation continues to distort the telecom markets performance, which shows strong growth in revenue but only modest gains in subscriber numbers each year; the fixed broadband segment has penetration levels only slightly higher than the fixed-line teledensity; nearly a quarter of the countrys broadband connections are via DSL, although fiber is starting claim an increasing share of that market as networks expand across most of the main cities; mobile broadband continues to be the preferred platform for internet access, supported by high mobile penetration levels and nationwide LTE coverage; the first 5G service was launched in February 2021 using refarmed LTE frequencies; the anticipated 5G spectrum auctions should drive even stronger uptake in mobile broadband services; while the various fixed, mobile, and cable operators push to expand and enhance their services, the government is also making an active contribution towards boosting broadband connectivity around the country; its national connectivity plan Plan Conectar, launched in September 2020, provides funding for a range of programs to increase coverage; in August 2021, the telecom regulator announced the release funding to help operators accelerate the rollout of their broadband infrastructure and services (2021)domestic: roughly 15 per 100 fixed-line and 130 per 100 mobile-cellular; microwave radio relay, fiber-optic cable, and a domestic satellite system with 40 earth stations serve the trunk network (2021)international: country code - 54; landing points for the UNISUR, Bicentenario,Atlantis-2, SAm-1, andSAC, Tannat, Malbec and ARBRsubmarine cable systems that provide links to Europe, Africa, South and Central America, and US; satellite earth stations - 112 (2019)note: the COVID-19 pandemic continues to have a significant impact on production and supply chains globally; since 2020, some aspects of the telecom sector have experienced a downturn, particularly in mobile device production; progress toward 5G implementation has resumed, as well as upgrades to infrastructure; consumer spending on telecom services has increased due to the surge in demand for capacity and bandwidth; the crucial nature of telecom services as a tool for work and school from home is still evident, and the spike in this area has seen growth opportunities for development of new tools and increased services, government owns a TV station and radio network; more than two dozen TV stations and hundreds of privately owned radio stations; high rate of cable TV subscription usage (2022), total: 39,853,610 (2021 est.
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