The parsons servility shows the lack of divinity and values in the Church. Next is Elizabeth who owes her strength of will and energy to her mother, and intelligence, positive values and pleasant manners to her father. Life grants him all these. So he would like to hear that Bingley turned out to be a disappointment, there is no chance of one of his daughters profiting by the new connection, and Mrs. Bennet has no reason to celebrate. Everything that has rhythm has music. Updates? Literature is an instrument of revolution. It had been bloodless and paved the way for the modern English parliamentary democracy. Films are visual representations of literature, they give life and action to the words written on a page. He does not intend to hurt or offend her, but the jarring words are an echo of the inner clash between his mind and emotions. When his second attempt is successful, and his dearest, loveliest Elizabeth accepts him, he feels a happiness that he has never felt before. In other words, being old. He connives with the family governess to convince Darcys sister Georgiana to elope with him. There are yet other writers whose works capture social changes more subtly. Her aspiration is so great she simply seems to draw eligible men from all parts of England towards Longbourn. An example of an author using literature in this way could be Jules Verne's short story, ''In the Year 2889'' (1889). The purest (or, at least, the most intense) literary form is the lyric poem, and after it comes elegiac, epic, dramatic, narrative, and expository verse. That is the true purpose of literary criticism and of all art. Balancing her own life now, the act of renaming "Swept Up" to "Balancing Act" holds a significant meaning to her. But then something remarkable occurs. For this reason, the literature that appealed to the people through the spoken word had a greater appeal than that which appeals through the written wordwhich may not reach all men. Music is a form of mediation for me. If the determining influences of fate, chance and accident are all we can learn from such incidents in great works of literature, we may well have grounds for questioning their greatness. He acknowledges accidents as a prominent fact of human life. cultural model You had much better dance, he orders his friend, offering to introduce Janes sister to him. It is one of the fine arts, like painting, dance, music, etc. The purpose of this essay is to examine literary creativity within the context that views all sides of the coin. In its corrective function, literature mirrors the ills of the society with a view to making the society realize its mistakes and make amends. On the contrary, a scientific exposition might be of great literary value and a pedestrian poem of none at all. Yet both are classed as literature, while the speculations of other philosophers, ancient and modern, are not. The name has traditionally been applied to those imaginative works of poetry and prose distinguished by the intentions of their authors and the perceived aesthetic excellence of their execution. Whereas the earlier generation among the lower classes was happy to be at the service of aristocrats, the next generation is no longer content to be in the subservient position. The story depicts the process of social integration that resulted in the harmonious integration of different classes in the country. An unexpected visit by Darcy results in the detection and prevention of the scheme. But the new social atmosphere sees Collins invited frequently to tea and dinner at the Ladys estate. A new middle class was formed, that constantly sought to imitate and eventually join the wealthy classes. It results at a macro level, in a gradual merging of various diverse sections of people and social groups. He is perhaps the one person in Meryton who sees through Wickham from day one. Superior literature transcends mere action. Be it Mrs. Bennets lack of sense, Lydias wild behavior, Janes disappointment, or Elizabeths concerns, he is a bystander, laughing silently. Here we come to one of the most famous quotations from Julius Caesar: an expression which the contemporary US novelist John Green turned on its head for the title of his book The Fault in Our Stars. The genius of Austen goes far beyond tracing social processes. ARTICLE | May 28, 2018 | BY Music is extremely important in my life. Moreover, she had a compulsion to be subtle. Collins is without any other expectation than to marry one of the elder Bennet girls. Literature has amassed vast volumes of experiential knowledge of human nature acting in life. In the story, she represents the last citadel of the old world order that crumbles, giving way to a more integrated and inclusive society. I think people who see literature as an embodiment of life can love both their life and also literature. Like her, she is also without keen intelligence. Although he was excommunicated eventually because of this mere and blasphemous attempt of protest, the Christian church was then divided into two sectors: Catholicism and Protestantism. She is strong, seems to have infinite energy, and never gives up. Shakespeare critic A.C. Bradley talks about Jane Austens surpassing excellence within that comparatively narrow sphere whose limits she never tried to overpass which gives her in that sphere the position held by Shakespeare in his. If such knowledge of human psychology can be learnt from one of the six novels written in Austens narrow sphere, then what is the learning potential from Shakespeare and other great writers! Such irresponsible behaviour is from the father. If we take this science to study the arts, then, instead of beginning a story by implicitly accepting the initial conditions, a new and intriguing question arises: what happened before the beginning, before the Big Bang! Long before humans began to know how to read and write with the words that our ancestors created, literature already existed. Literature is expression of thoughts, reflection of society and reflection of life. This being said general and broad assumptions could be made about literary art and creative thought separately. Surprised by the intensity of resistance they meet, the pirates withdraw to their own ship and the ships separate. Playing music has helped me become the person who I am by being a release for my anger. She depicts five unique characters in the five Bennet girls, but at the same time shows us with mathematical precision how each of the five girls is a combination of the various characteristics of Mrs. and Mr. Bennet. Literature is the artistic expression of thought, which is replete with feelings and imagination. The World in Transit: Going Beyond Myopic Visions, The Future of Democracy: Challenges & Prospects, The Future of the Nation-state in an Era of Globalization, Literature as a Key to Understanding People, Society and Life, Book Review of Come On! Mrs. Bennets aspiration for social rise continues and intensifies. When Mrs. Bennet and her daughters return from the assembly where they meet Bingley for the first time, Mr. Bennet is unusually awake late in the night, waiting for their return. Charlotte gets engaged to Collins instead, leaving Mrs. Bennet disappointed and enraged. Still, such texts take us into the mind of another in a way which is not confrontational and which allows us to engage with the thoughts, feelings, and experiences of others. : A Report to the Club of Rome: New Frontiers, The Context and Values Inherent in Human Capital as Core Principles for New Economic Theory, On the Monetarized and Non-monetarized Contributions to National Wealth, Unorthodox Thoughts on the Economic Crisis and the Dictum of Protagoras*, Cryptocurrencies & the Challenge of Global Governance*, Western and Eastern Values are Complementary. All the characters aspirations, attitudes and acts reveal them. It was her critics who have missed the point for over two centuries. Collins marries his cousin Elizabeths friend Charlotte, and through his cousin, becomes related to Darcy. Medgar Evers College. Literature is present during the era of the ancient world. Where his father had been happy to serve, Wickham wants to be master. He comes to the first ball and is haughty and aloof. The best example is Emily Brontes Wuthering Heights. Come and see AGS in Action and meet the Principal and Leadership Team. He finds their manners and values vulgar. Work, income, fortune, marriage, valour, ambition, enterprise and talent were different paths that could take one into the highest circles of British society. Seven of the eight people who are to become related thus, are brought together by life a year earlier, without their conscious will or intention. 1. Kitty knows about Lydias planned elopement, but does not bother to inform her parents. Who Said It? When you consider the fact that literary texts generally employ very strategic ways of communicating, then an awareness of language's potential becomes important. These cookies help provide information on metrics the number of visitors, bounce rate, traffic source, etc. Elizabeth last met Darcy at Hunsford when he proposed to her boorishly, she turned him down, and the encounter ended in a heated argument. She shows us how England managed to avoid a similar revolution. Suddenly the whole world stopped, Apple Global School, Ahead of Shantipura Circle Near Sarvotam Hotel, Telav,Sanand, Ahmedabad-382210. Mary is dull and lacks energy. This further widened the social differences between itself and the rest of the population, and raised real barriers to compatibility and harmony between the classes. "If you have the words, there's always a chance that you'll find the way.". The Ladys foolish and boorish ways show the decadence that is set in the upper classes. It is not only creative writing. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. One example of people expressing their culture through literature can be seen in the work of the ''Drum Decade'' authors. In this symbiotic relationship between two classes, Austen deftly paints many pictures. Apart from the rivalry between Mrs. and Mr. Bennet, this tension is also an outcome of the marriage between the two classes to which they belong, the working class that is striving to rise and the upper class that is struggling to accept the new world order. So he encourages all the girls to go out, taking their cousin with them. . Performance cookies are used to understand and analyze the key performance indexes of the website which helps in delivering a better user experience for the visitors. But none of these reasons distinguishes Bingleys coming to Hertfordshire, selecting the estate of Netherfield, when Jane, twenty-three years of age, beautiful and good natured, is waiting to find a suitable man she can love and marry. Yet through words literature elevates and transforms experience beyond mere pleasure. Stephenie Meyer's Twilight series (2005-2008) is considered popular fiction, while Bram Stoker's Dracula (1897) is seen as a literary work. Literature is expression of thoughts, reflection of society and reflection of life. Mrs. Bennet, the beautiful daughter of a country attorney, has married a land owning gentleman and risen in society. Literature revives the debate which science ignores or dismisses as unscientific. This again is like her father. Music is an art of sound that expresses ideas and emotions and people listen to music for different reasons. Not only does it praise the country, it also emphasizes its beauty, acknowledges its history, and signifies its majesty. Create your account, 30 chapters | Poets and philosophers hold power to explain those intimate moments of the life of a human being. But the rivalry with the wife is so intense that it overrides even his goodwill for his daughters. Interpersonal Learning Style Characteristics |What is Social Learning? We can give a plausible explanation in hindsight, much as by looking in the rear view mirror, we can tell where we have been. expressions are represented, experimental issues concerning how emotional expressions are invoked in subjects and design issues concerning the goals of the ECA designer in using emotional expressions. People were no longer dependent on the farmland for sustenance. The mark of a really great book is that it has something fresh and original to say and it is stated in a fresh and independent way the author by the strength of his genius can upheld the true essence of his piece of work more powerfully than the common race of men can do. I would definitely recommend to my colleagues. These cookies ensure basic functionalities and security features of the website, anonymously. Details such as the main character's use of the phonotelephote, a device which enables ''the transmission of images by means of sensitive mirrors connected by wires,'' to communicate with his wife overseas in a way where he can see her, may seem silly in our current context of Skype and cell phones, but they serve as examples of the ideas someone living in the 19th century had regarding the future. I think people who see literature as an embodiment of life can love both All physical science is based on the past determining the future, but today, a new science has emerged, the science of Anticipation2. They explain their way of life. "Love is a great beautifier." -Louisa May Alcott Louisa May Alcott was an American novelist and short-story writer. In Pride and Prejudice, Austen shows the unmistakable connections between the inner and outer worlds. Three or four families in a country village is the very thing to work on, Austen advised her niece in a letter, and her novel Pride and Prejudice seems to be just such a story. But he makes Bingley his friend and accepts the invitation to go to Hertfordshire. "Life is the raw material from which the creative imagination of great writers generates works of fiction that are truer than lifetruer because they probe and reveal more deeply its real character." 1. Literature is any collection of written work, but it is also used more narrowly for writings specifically considered to be an art form, especially prose fiction, drama, and poetry. Many writers used their writing to protest this oppression and promote reform. It contains the thoughts, reflections and observations of people in a certain society, which reflects their lifestyle and culture. An educated, well-bred gentleman from a wealthy and distinguished family speaks ill of a country girl in her hearing, and insults her in public. Poems are emotional pieces that reflect on poetic elements such as rhythm and rhyme or alliteration. He is also a changed man now, and renews his relationship with Elizabeth after a long abrupt hiatus. Austen captures this same movement in numerous events in the story. The scope of literature Literature is a form of human expression. Though there are many definitions of what literature is, they all have some agreement in one key aspect: self-expression through the written word. Literature is the mirror of life and society. Cyril Connolly All modern American literature comes from one book by Mark Twain called Huckleberry Finn. It is thus fundamentally an expression of life through the medium of language. Only the knowledge that comes from direct spiritual experience can exceed the intuitive perceptions of great literature. FICTION - is a literary work of imaginative narration, either oral or written, fashioned to entertain and to make the readers think and more so, to feel. A great book is born of the brain and heart of its author; he has put himself into its pages; and are instinct with its individuality. But Austen has consciously or subconsciously exquisitely captured many of these truths of life with the apparent effortlessness of a true master. They write new content and verify and edit content received from contributors. Poetry that fails as literature is not called poetry at all but verse. Both philosophy and literature in as much as they represent a search for truth, for answers to a whole range of vital questions each turn to a formal structure which of necessity is the expression of an attitude to life. What is more important is the nature of reality revealed in and through her works. Not surprisingly, his two favourite daughters are Elizabeth and Jane, in that order. Take the first assembly at Meryton for instance. According to a French epigram "art is life seen through a temperament.". But once he reveals his identity and offers them a reward, he readily secures swift transport back to Denmark where he pursues his confrontation with Claudius that ultimately ends tragically in the death of Claudius, the queen, Laertes and the prince himself. Cricket, football, or any other sport would have served the purpose, it was the underlying principle. She is unable to understand, let alone accept, change. She was born during the American Revolution, and England was at war throughout her life. It connects human beings and mirrors reality in an artistic way, in a profound value. Psychological Approach Literature is viewed as the expression of "personality," of "inner drives" or "neurosis". Platos Allegory of the Cave speaks about the importance of human wisdom and the penalties that one would face to achieve a higher level of understanding. The social climate sanctioned this aspiration. He gets the two married, repays Wickhams debts, procures him a job, and salvages the Bennet familys reputation. The role of a well developed individual in spearheading a revolution or social movement is seen in the changes Darcy and Elizabeth are able to bring about with their strong individuality. Literature gives a voice to people who dont have one and it allows us to empathize with people who are different than we are. If one novel can provide us such a perspective of human history, what would a deeper understanding of all literature give us? The role of literature in society is to help people understand themselves, other people, and the world around them. However, the barriers were fast becoming flexible, thanks to developments in science, trade, travel, empire building, education and economic progress. Author of. Values refer to those beliefs that are closely tied to your perspective of what is right or wrong. The stratification of society was in fact based on real differences in cultural attainment. The literature of any nation is the image that reflects the sincere ideas, so we can call it the mirror of life which reflects writers ' thought about life and the real situation of the world around. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. The English government that had not gagged the press initially became stringent.
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